Mean squares of certain real character sums


Peng Gao


Beihang University


Tue, 24/09/2019 - 12:00pm to 1:00pm


RC-4082, The Red Centre, UNSW


Let $\mathcal{D}$ be the set of non-square quadratic discriminants and $\chi_D=(\frac {D}{\cdot})$ be the Kronecker symbol. The mean square estimation 
\sum_{\substack {|D| \leq X \\ D \in \mathcal{D}}} \left| \sum_{n \leq Y} \Big (\frac {D}{n} \Big ) \right|^2 \ll XY \log X
   is due to M. V. Armon. The result can be applied to study the mean values of class numbers of imaginary quadratic number fields and the second moment of Dirichlet $L$-functions with primitive quadratic characters. Note that it is relatively easy to obtain an asymptotic formula for the sums considered above when $Y$ is small compared to $X$. In this talk, we show how to obtain an asymptotic formula for such sums when $Y$ is close to $X$.

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