I will discuss "point counting" in two broad senses: counting the intersections between a trascendental variety and an algebraic one; and counting the number of algebraic points, as a function of degree and height, on a transcendental variety. After reviewing the fundamental results in this area - from the theory of o-minimal structures and the Pila-Wilkie theorem, I will restrict attention to the case that the transcendental variety is given in terms of a leaf of an algebraic foliation, and everything is defined over a number field. It turns out that in this case far stronger estimates can be obtained.
Applying the above to foliations associated to principal G-bundles on various moduli spaces, many classical application of the Pila-Wilkie theorem can be sharpened and effectivized. In particular I will discuss issues around effectivity and polynomial-time solvability for the Andre-Oort conjecture, unlikely intersections in abelian schemes, and some related directions.
This talk is part of the online Number Theory Web Seminar, and will be streamed live on Zoom.
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Mike Bennett (University of British Columbia)
Philipp Habegger (University of Basel)
Alina Ostafe (UNSW Sydney)